Speech with Sumayya

The Way We Communicate Ultimately Determines The Quality Of Our Lives

Communication is the foundation of relationships and emotions.

It is how we learn and teach new things.

The benefits of effective communication outlive childhood and is ever present.

About Me

Welcome to Sumayya Vayej Speech Therapy Services. Since qualifying as a Speech Language Pathologist, I have worked in a rural clinic, urban therapy centre as well as a special school for the physically disabled and visually impaired. I have furthered my studies and obtained a Masters in Early Childhood Intervention, and am passionate about intervention at the earliest possible level.

I am a strong advocate for a holistic therapy approach, which is characterized by the treatment of the whole person, taking into account mental and social factors, rather than just the symptoms of the delay/disorder. I believe in treating at home where the client is most comfortable, and not in an unfamiliar therapy setting. This also enables an informal assessment of the client’s everyday communication needs in his/her most important setting – the home.

I currently work in private practice which includes home and school visits.

Age related milestones

By the end of 12 months, your child might:

• Try imitating speech sounds
• Say a few words, such as "dada," "mama" and "uh-oh"
• Understand simple instructions, such as "Come here"
• Recognize words for common items, such as "shoe"
• Turn and look in the direction of sounds

By the end of 18 months, your child might:

• Recognize names of familiar people, objects and body parts
• Follow simple directions accompanied by gestures
• Say as many as 10 words

By the end of 24 months, your child might:

• Use simple phrases, such as "more milk"
• Ask one- to two-word questions, such as "Go bye-bye?"
• Follow simple commands and understand simple questions
• Speak about 50 or more words
• Speak well enough to be understood at least half the time by you or other primary caregivers

Areas of focus

Speech sounds

How we say sounds and put sounds together into words. Other words for these problems are articulation or phonological disorders, apraxia of speech, or dysarthria


How well we understand what we hear or read and how we use words to tell others what we are thinking. In children, this may be a receptive or expressive langauge disorder. In adults this problem may be called aphasia.


Also called stuttering, is how well speech flows. Someone who stutters may repeat sounds, like t-t-t-table, use "um" or "uh," or pause a lot when talking. Many young children will go through a time when they stutter, but most outgrow it.


How well we read and write. People with speech and language disorders may also have trouble reading, spelling, and writing.

Feeding & swallowing

How well we suck, chew, and swallow food and liquid. A swallowing disorder may lead to poor nutrition, weight loss, and other health problems. This is also called dysphagia, and can be present in preterm infants or adults post surgery/a stroke

Are you unsure of whether your child needs an assessment? The following are red flag indicators

A quiet baby who does not make sounds or babble."

A child who does not respond to noise.

A child who has not said his first word by 15 months.

A child who is not social and shies away from making eye contact.

A vocabulary of less than 50 words by two years of age.

Inability to follow simple instructions by two years of age.

What are common signs that an adult might need speech therapy?

An inability to speak properly is often embarrassing, and many adults are reluctant to seek help. It may be time to seek out speech therapy if your loved ones experience any of the following symptoms: Speaking softly or barely able to whisper, Rapid rate of speech with mumbling, Hoarseness, breathiness, or nasal and stuffy-sounding speech, Poor vocal quality, Decline in memory, Decline in ability to produce or understand language, Difficulty with non-speech movements such as sticking out the tongue.


Often, untreated speech and language issues lead to potential academic issues, emotional instability (the risk of being teased by other children) and poor self-confidence (children may feel “different” or “dumb” if they communicate differently). Early intervention = best possible outcome